Learn Observation vs. Inference with this Entrepreneurship Activity

Bright green and blue background with the text "Observation vs. Inference Activity." Two thought bubbles say "It's half full!" and "It's half empty!" respectively. Perfect for incorporating into a K12 entrepreneur curriculum to teach students critical thinking in youth entrepreneurship education.

This activity poses a classic question: Is the glass half empty or half full? Thinking about the answers to this seemingly simple question teaches us a lot about how entrepreneurs use observation and inference to identify and creatively solve problems.

Check out the activity video:

Q: Is the glass half full or half empty?

A: Yes it is!

Observations are facts based on our five senses. They exist independently, or outside, of what we perceive using our senses. If you and a friend measure the amount of water in the same glass, or the temperature, you will get the same results. What you think can’t change that.

Inferences, however, are what we think. Inferences happen inside our brains. And your brain and my brain are different. What we think is different. Even when we observe the same exact thing, we make different inferences. 

You, the entrepreneur, actively observe the world around you using your five senses! You take those careful observations and make inferences. These inferences will allow you to identify and creatively solve problems.

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